To get to zero by 2050, North Carolina must cut climate pollution by
5.1 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent a year.

Emissions in North Carolina

Million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2e) emissions

Note: Grey area indicates missing data due to processing delays.

This is how we're going to do it.


North Carolina's climate pollution, by source
🏭 Other: 23%🔌 Power: 33%🚗 Transport: 36%🏠 Buildings: 8%

    Decarbonize Our Buildings

    🏭 Other: 23%🔌 Power: 33%🚗 Transport: 36%🏠 Buildings: 8%

    8% of North Carolina's climate pollution comes from buildings.

    We burn fossil fuels to heat our air, water, and food.

    To cut this pollution...

    Let's electrify our heat!

    We'll replace...

    ...in all of North Carolina's 4.7 million buildings.

    In fact, 60% of buildings in North Carolina are already fossil fuel free!

    That means we only need to electrify the remaining 1.9 million dirty buildings in North Carolina. That's around 67,000 per year.

    Percent of Buildings electrifiedA chart showing the share of Buildings that have already been electrified and still based in fossil fuel.59.94% have been electrified, and the remaining 40.06% are fossil fuel based.Buildings ElectrifiedNot yet

    Electrifying all buildings cuts 8% of the pollution.

    🏭 Other: 23%🔌 Power: 33%🚗 Transport: 36%🏠 Buildings: 8%

    Decarbonize Our Transport

    🏭 Other: 23%🔌 Power: 33%🚗 Transport: 36%🏠 Buildings: 8%

    36% of North Carolina's pollution comes from cars, trucks, trains, and planes.

    But mostly from cars.

    To cut this pollution,

    your next car must be electric.

    Or consider going car-free with public transit, bikes/e-bikes, car share, or other alternatives!

    There are 3.4 million vehicles in North Carolina and 16,000 are already electric (0.5% of the total).

    We need to electrify (or replace) the remaining 3.4 million gas-powered vehicles. That's around 122,000 a year.

    Percent of Vehicles electrifiedA chart showing the share of Vehicles that have already been electrified and still based in fossil fuel.0.5% have been electrified, and the remaining 99.5% are fossil fuel based.Vehicles ElectrifiedNot yet

    Electrifying all transportation cuts 36% of the pollution.

    🏭 Other: 23%🔌 Power: 33%🚗 Transport: 36%🏠 Buildings: 8%

    Decarbonize Our Power

    🏭 Other: 23%🔌 Power: 33%🚗 Transport: 36%🏠 Buildings: 8%

    33% of North Carolina's pollution comes from burning coal, gas, and oil to make power.

    Dirty power plant

    To cut this pollution...

    Put solar panels on your roof!

    Then, we'll replace all fossil fuel power plants with solar and wind farms.

    We need to replace dirty power plants with clean ones (mostly wind and solar)

    ...and find good jobs for those workers.

    Current Fossil Fuel Power Plants in North Carolina

    8 coal plants

    Name: Roxboro
County: Person
Megawatt Capacity: 2,575
Utility: Duke Energy Progress - (NC)

    Roxboro
    Person County
    2,575 MW

    Name: Cliffside
County: Cleveland
Megawatt Capacity: 2,541
Utility: Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC

    Cliffside
    Cleveland County
    2,541 MW

    Name: Belews Creek
County: Stokes
Megawatt Capacity: 2,491
Utility: Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC

    Belews Creek
    Stokes County
    2,491 MW

    Name: Marshall
County: Catawba
Megawatt Capacity: 2,119
Utility: Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC

    Marshall
    Catawba County
    2,119 MW

    Name: Asheville
County: Buncombe
Megawatt Capacity: 1,425
Utility: Duke Energy Progress - (NC)

    Asheville
    Buncombe County
    1,425 MW

    Name: G G Allen
County: Gaston
Megawatt Capacity: 1,148
Utility: Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC

    G G Allen
    Gaston County
    1,148 MW

    Name: Mayo
County: Person
Megawatt Capacity: 763
Utility: Duke Energy Progress - (NC)

    Mayo
    Person County
    763 MW

    Name: University of NC Chapel Hill
County: Orange
Megawatt Capacity: 56
Utility: University of North Carolina

    University of NC Chapel Hill
    Orange County
    56 MW

    16 gas plants

    Name: H F Lee Steam Electric Plant
County: Wayne
Megawatt Capacity: 2,556
Utility: Duke Energy Progress - (NC)

    H F Lee Steam Electric Plant
    Wayne County
    2,556 MW

    Name: Richmond County Plant
County: Richmond
Megawatt Capacity: 2,245
Utility: Duke Energy Progress - (NC)

    Richmond County Plant
    Richmond County
    2,245 MW

    Name: L V Sutton
County: New Hanover
Megawatt Capacity: 1,614
Utility: Duke Energy Progress - (NC)

    L V Sutton
    New Hanover County
    1,614 MW

    Name: Cleveland County Generating Facility
County: Cleveland
Megawatt Capacity: 1,472
Utility: Southern Power Co

    Cleveland County Generating Facility
    Cleveland County
    1,472 MW

    ...and 12 more

    43 oil plants

    Name: Lincoln Combustion Turbine
County: Lincoln
Megawatt Capacity: 2,290
Utility: Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC

    Lincoln Combustion Turbine
    Lincoln County
    2,290 MW

    Name: W H Weatherspoon
County: Robeson
Megawatt Capacity: 329
Utility: Duke Energy Progress - (NC)

    W H Weatherspoon
    Robeson County
    329 MW

    Name: Rosemary Power Station
County: Halifax
Megawatt Capacity: 180
Utility: Virginia Electric & Power Co

    Rosemary Power Station
    Halifax County
    180 MW

    Name: Blewett
County: Anson
Megawatt Capacity: 95
Utility: Duke Energy Progress - (NC)

    Blewett
    Anson County
    95 MW

    ...and 39 more

    But wait!

    It's not enough to replace our power plants with wind and solar farms.

    To power our electric cars and buildings, we need two times the electricity we have today.

    In all, we'll need to build 9,000 Megawatts of wind power and 10,000 Megawatts of solar power.

    Since North Carolina already has 58 Megawatts of wind and 1,000 Megawatts of solar, that's 9,000 Megawatts of wind power we need to build and 9,000 Megawatts of solar power. That's around 334 Megawatts of wind power and 327 Megawatts of solar power a year.

    Percent of needed targetGeneration builtA chart showing the share of Solar and Wind capacity that has already been installed and rest to be installed. We are 11.5% of the way to what we need to be carbon neutral by 2050.MWs of targetGeneration Built

    Decarbonizing all dirty power cuts 33% of the pollution.

    And gives us zero-emissions power we need to eliminate pollution from buildings and cars!

    🏭 Other: 23%🔌 Power: 33%🚗 Transport: 36%🏠 Buildings: 8%

    Other Emissions

    🏭 Other: 23%🔌 Power: 33%🚗 Transport: 36%🏠 Buildings: 8%

    The last 23% of North Carolina's climate pollution comes from other sources...

    This includes farming, landfills, industry, and leaks from gas pipelines.

    There's no one solution to solve these problems, but there are lots of great ideas:

    • No-till farming to keep CO2 in the soil
    • Capturing methane leaks from landfills
    • Capturing CO2 to make emissions-free concrete
    • Burning green hydrogen to make emissions-free steel
    • Plugging methane leaks from gas pipelines

Ready to do your part?

Learn how to electrify your own machines and pass local policy to electrify the rest

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