To get to zero by 2050, Minnesota must cut climate pollution by
4.5 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent a year.

Emissions in Minnesota

Million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2e) emissions

Note: Grey area indicates missing data due to processing delays.

This is how we're going to do it.


Minnesota's climate pollution, by source
🏭 Other: 41%🔌 Power: 21%🚗 Transport: 25%🏠 Buildings: 14%

    Decarbonize Our Buildings

    🏭 Other: 41%🔌 Power: 21%🚗 Transport: 25%🏠 Buildings: 14%

    14% of Minnesota's climate pollution comes from buildings.

    We burn fossil fuels to heat our air, water, and food.

    To cut this pollution...

    Let's electrify our heat!

    We'll replace...

    ...in all of Minnesota's 2.9 million buildings.

    In fact, 25% of buildings in Minnesota are already fossil fuel free!

    That means we only need to electrify the remaining 2.2 million dirty buildings in Minnesota. That's around 79,000 per year.

    Percent of Buildings electrifiedA chart showing the share of Buildings that have already been electrified and still based in fossil fuel.24.8% have been electrified, and the remaining 75.2% are fossil fuel based.Buildings ElectrifiedNot yet

    Electrifying all buildings cuts 14% of the pollution.

    🏭 Other: 41%🔌 Power: 21%🚗 Transport: 25%🏠 Buildings: 14%

    Decarbonize Our Transport

    🏭 Other: 41%🔌 Power: 21%🚗 Transport: 25%🏠 Buildings: 14%

    25% of Minnesota's pollution comes from cars, trucks, trains, and planes.

    But mostly from cars.

    To cut this pollution,

    your next car must be electric.

    Or consider going car-free with public transit, bikes/e-bikes, car share, or other alternatives!

    There are 1.8 million vehicles in Minnesota and 10,000 are already electric (0.6% of the total).

    We need to electrify (or replace) the remaining 1.8 million gas-powered vehicles. That's around 66,000 a year.

    Percent of Vehicles electrifiedA chart showing the share of Vehicles that have already been electrified and still based in fossil fuel.0.6% have been electrified, and the remaining 99.4% are fossil fuel based.Vehicles ElectrifiedNot yet

    Electrifying all transportation cuts 25% of the pollution.

    🏭 Other: 41%🔌 Power: 21%🚗 Transport: 25%🏠 Buildings: 14%

    Decarbonize Our Power

    🏭 Other: 41%🔌 Power: 21%🚗 Transport: 25%🏠 Buildings: 14%

    21% of Minnesota's pollution comes from burning coal, gas, and oil to make power.

    Dirty power plant

    To cut this pollution...

    Put solar panels on your roof!

    Then, we'll replace all fossil fuel power plants with solar and wind farms.

    We need to replace dirty power plants with clean ones (mostly wind and solar)

    ...and find good jobs for those workers.

    Current Fossil Fuel Power Plants in Minnesota

    8 coal plants

    Name: Sherburne County
County: Sherburne
Megawatt Capacity: 2,469
Utility: Northern States Power Co - Minnesota

    Sherburne County
    Sherburne County
    2,469 MW

    Name: Boswell Energy Center
County: Itasca
Megawatt Capacity: 1,073
Utility: ALLETE, Inc.

    Boswell Energy Center
    Itasca County
    1,073 MW

    Name: Allen S King
County: Washington
Megawatt Capacity: 598
Utility: Northern States Power Co - Minnesota

    Allen S King
    Washington County
    598 MW

    Name: Hoot Lake
County: Otter Tail
Megawatt Capacity: 138
Utility: Otter Tail Power Co

    Hoot Lake
    Otter Tail County
    138 MW

    Name: Northshore Mining Silver Bay Power
County: Lake
Megawatt Capacity: 132
Utility: Cleveland Cliffs Inc

    Northshore Mining Silver Bay Power
    Lake County
    132 MW

    Name: Hibbing
County: St Louis
Megawatt Capacity: 36
Utility: Hibbing Public Utilities Comm

    Hibbing
    St Louis County
    36 MW

    Name: Archer Daniels Midland Mankato
County: Blue Earth
Megawatt Capacity: 11
Utility: Archer Daniels Midland Co

    Archer Daniels Midland Mankato
    Blue Earth County
    11 MW

    Name: Southern Minnesota Beet Sugar
County: Renville
Megawatt Capacity: 8
Utility: Southern Minnesota Beet Sugar

    Southern Minnesota Beet Sugar
    Renville County
    8 MW

    32 gas plants

    Name: Black Dog
County: Dakota
Megawatt Capacity: 1,681
Utility: Northern States Power Co - Minnesota

    Black Dog
    Dakota County
    1,681 MW

    Name: High Bridge
County: Ramsey
Megawatt Capacity: 921
Utility: Northern States Power Co - Minnesota

    High Bridge
    Ramsey County
    921 MW

    Name: Riverside (1927)
County: Hennepin
Megawatt Capacity: 825
Utility: Northern States Power Co - Minnesota

    Riverside (1927)
    Hennepin County
    825 MW

    Name: Mankato Energy Center
County: Blue Earth
Megawatt Capacity: 719
Utility: Southern Power Co

    Mankato Energy Center
    Blue Earth County
    719 MW

    ...and 28 more

    51 oil plants

    Name: New Ulm
County: Brown
Megawatt Capacity: 79
Utility: New Ulm Public Utilities Comm

    New Ulm
    Brown County
    79 MW

    Name: St. Bonifacius Station
County: Carver
Megawatt Capacity: 61
Utility: Great River Energy

    St. Bonifacius Station
    Carver County
    61 MW

    Name: Glencoe
County: McLeod
Megawatt Capacity: 41
Utility: Glencoe Light & Power Comm

    Glencoe
    McLeod County
    41 MW

    Name: Maple Lake Station
County: Wright
Megawatt Capacity: 25
Utility: Great River Energy

    Maple Lake Station
    Wright County
    25 MW

    ...and 47 more

    But wait!

    It's not enough to replace our power plants with wind and solar farms.

    To power our electric cars and buildings, we need two times the electricity we have today.

    In all, we'll need to build 7,000 Megawatts of wind power and 6,000 Megawatts of solar power.

    Since Minnesota already has 1,000 Megawatts of wind and 240 Megawatts of solar, that's 6,000 Megawatts of wind power we need to build and 6,000 Megawatts of solar power. That's around 191 Megawatts of wind power and 200 Megawatts of solar power a year.

    Percent of needed targetGeneration builtA chart showing the share of Solar and Wind capacity that has already been installed and rest to be installed. We are 15% of the way to what we need to be carbon neutral by 2050.MWs of targetGeneration Built

    Decarbonizing all dirty power cuts 21% of the pollution.

    And gives us zero-emissions power we need to eliminate pollution from buildings and cars!

    🏭 Other: 41%🔌 Power: 21%🚗 Transport: 25%🏠 Buildings: 14%

    Other Emissions

    🏭 Other: 41%🔌 Power: 21%🚗 Transport: 25%🏠 Buildings: 14%

    The last 41% of Minnesota's climate pollution comes from other sources...

    This includes farming, landfills, industry, and leaks from gas pipelines.

    There's no one solution to solve these problems, but there are lots of great ideas:

    • No-till farming to keep CO2 in the soil
    • Capturing methane leaks from landfills
    • Capturing CO2 to make emissions-free concrete
    • Burning green hydrogen to make emissions-free steel
    • Plugging methane leaks from gas pipelines

Ready to do your part?

Learn how to electrify your own machines and pass local policy to electrify the rest

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