To get to zero by 2050, Kentucky must cut climate pollution by
5.2 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent a year.

Emissions in Kentucky

Million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2e) emissions

Note: Grey area indicates missing data due to processing delays.

This is how we're going to do it.


Kentucky's climate pollution, by source
🏭 Other: 28%🔌 Power: 44%🚗 Transport: 24%🏠 Buildings: 4%

    Decarbonize Our Buildings

    🏭 Other: 28%🔌 Power: 44%🚗 Transport: 24%🏠 Buildings: 4%

    4% of Kentucky's climate pollution comes from buildings.

    We burn fossil fuels to heat our air, water, and food.

    To cut this pollution...

    Let's electrify our heat!

    We'll replace...

    ...in all of Kentucky's 2.4 million buildings.

    In fact, 51% of buildings in Kentucky are already fossil fuel free!

    That means we only need to electrify the remaining 1.2 million dirty buildings in Kentucky. That's around 43,000 per year.

    Percent of Buildings electrifiedA chart showing the share of Buildings that have already been electrified and still based in fossil fuel.50.79% have been electrified, and the remaining 49.21% are fossil fuel based.Buildings ElectrifiedNot yet

    Electrifying all buildings cuts 4% of the pollution.

    🏭 Other: 28%🔌 Power: 44%🚗 Transport: 24%🏠 Buildings: 4%

    Decarbonize Our Transport

    🏭 Other: 28%🔌 Power: 44%🚗 Transport: 24%🏠 Buildings: 4%

    24% of Kentucky's pollution comes from cars, trucks, trains, and planes.

    But mostly from cars.

    To cut this pollution,

    your next car must be electric.

    Or consider going car-free with public transit, bikes/e-bikes, car share, or other alternatives!

    There are 1.6 million vehicles in Kentucky and 3,000 are already electric (0.2% of the total).

    We need to electrify (or replace) the remaining 1.6 million gas-powered vehicles. That's around 59,000 a year.

    Percent of Vehicles electrifiedA chart showing the share of Vehicles that have already been electrified and still based in fossil fuel.0.2% have been electrified, and the remaining 99.8% are fossil fuel based.Vehicles ElectrifiedNot yet

    Electrifying all transportation cuts 24% of the pollution.

    🏭 Other: 28%🔌 Power: 44%🚗 Transport: 24%🏠 Buildings: 4%

    Decarbonize Our Power

    🏭 Other: 28%🔌 Power: 44%🚗 Transport: 24%🏠 Buildings: 4%

    44% of Kentucky's pollution comes from burning coal, gas, and oil to make power.

    Dirty power plant

    To cut this pollution...

    Put solar panels on your roof!

    Then, we'll replace all fossil fuel power plants with solar and wind farms.

    We need to replace dirty power plants with clean ones (mostly wind and solar)

    ...and find good jobs for those workers.

    Current Fossil Fuel Power Plants in Kentucky

    13 coal plants

    Name: Paradise
County: Muhlenberg
Megawatt Capacity: 3,718
Utility: Tennessee Valley Authority

    Paradise
    Muhlenberg County
    3,718 MW

    Name: Trimble County
County: Trimble
Megawatt Capacity: 2,594
Utility: Louisville Gas & Electric Co

    Trimble County
    Trimble County
    2,594 MW

    Name: Ghent
County: Carroll
Megawatt Capacity: 2,226
Utility: Kentucky Utilities Co

    Ghent
    Carroll County
    2,226 MW

    Name: Shawnee
County: McCracken
Megawatt Capacity: 1,750
Utility: Tennessee Valley Authority

    Shawnee
    McCracken County
    1,750 MW

    Name: E W Brown
County: Mercer
Megawatt Capacity: 1,748
Utility: Kentucky Utilities Co

    E W Brown
    Mercer County
    1,748 MW

    Name: Mill Creek
County: Jefferson
Megawatt Capacity: 1,717
Utility: Louisville Gas & Electric Co

    Mill Creek
    Jefferson County
    1,717 MW

    Name: H L Spurlock
County: Mason
Megawatt Capacity: 1,609
Utility: East Kentucky Power Coop, Inc

    H L Spurlock
    Mason County
    1,609 MW

    Name: East Bend
County: Boone
Megawatt Capacity: 772
Utility: Duke Energy Kentucky Inc

    East Bend
    Boone County
    772 MW

    Name: R D Green
County: Webster
Megawatt Capacity: 586
Utility: Big Rivers Electric Corp

    R D Green
    Webster County
    586 MW

    Name: D B Wilson
County: Ohio
Megawatt Capacity: 509
Utility: Big Rivers Electric Corp

    D B Wilson
    Ohio County
    509 MW

    Name: Elmer Smith
County: Daviess
Megawatt Capacity: 445
Utility: City of Owensboro - (KY)

    Elmer Smith
    Daviess County
    445 MW

    Name: HMP and L Station 2
County: Henderson
Megawatt Capacity: 405
Utility: Big Rivers Electric Corp

    HMP and L Station 2
    Henderson County
    405 MW

    Name: John S. Cooper
County: Pulaski
Megawatt Capacity: 344
Utility: East Kentucky Power Coop, Inc

    John S. Cooper
    Pulaski County
    344 MW

    11 gas plants

    Name: Smith Generating Facility
County: Clark
Megawatt Capacity: 1,663
Utility: East Kentucky Power Coop, Inc

    Smith Generating Facility
    Clark County
    1,663 MW

    Name: Cane Run
County: Jefferson
Megawatt Capacity: 1,468
Utility: Louisville Gas & Electric Co

    Cane Run
    Jefferson County
    1,468 MW

    Name: Riverside Generating Company
County: Lawrence
Megawatt Capacity: 1,150
Utility: Riverside Generating Co LLC

    Riverside Generating Company
    Lawrence County
    1,150 MW

    Name: Big Sandy
County: Lawrence
Megawatt Capacity: 1,097
Utility: Kentucky Power Co

    Big Sandy
    Lawrence County
    1,097 MW

    Name: Marshall County
County: Marshall
Megawatt Capacity: 688
Utility: Tennessee Valley Authority

    Marshall County
    Marshall County
    688 MW

    Name: Bluegrass Generating Station
County: Oldham
Megawatt Capacity: 624
Utility: East Kentucky Power Coop, Inc

    Bluegrass Generating Station
    Oldham County
    624 MW

    Name: Paddy's Run
County: Jefferson
Megawatt Capacity: 227
Utility: Louisville Gas & Electric Co

    Paddy's Run
    Jefferson County
    227 MW

    Name: Paducah Power Systems Plant 1
County: McCracken
Megawatt Capacity: 120
Utility: Paducah Power System

    Paducah Power Systems Plant 1
    McCracken County
    120 MW

    Name: Haefling
County: Fayette
Megawatt Capacity: 62
Utility: Kentucky Utilities Co

    Haefling
    Fayette County
    62 MW

    Name: DTE Calvert City, LLC
County: Marshall
Megawatt Capacity: 27
Utility: DTE Calvert City LLC

    DTE Calvert City, LLC
    Marshall County
    27 MW

    Name: Zorn
County: Jefferson
Megawatt Capacity: 18
Utility: Louisville Gas & Electric Co

    Zorn
    Jefferson County
    18 MW

    1 oil plant

    Name: Paris (KY)
County: Bourbon
Megawatt Capacity: 12
Utility: City of Paris - (KY)

    Paris (KY)
    Bourbon County
    12 MW

    But wait!

    It's not enough to replace our power plants with wind and solar farms.

    To power our electric cars and buildings, we need two times the electricity we have today.

    In all, we'll need to build 6,000 Megawatts of wind power and 7,000 Megawatts of solar power.

    Since Kentucky already has 0 Megawatts of wind and 12 Megawatts of solar, that's 7,000 Megawatts of wind power we need to build and 7,000 Megawatts of solar power. That's around 219 Megawatts of wind power and 248 Megawatts of solar power a year.

    Percent of needed targetGeneration builtA chart showing the share of Solar and Wind capacity that has already been installed and rest to be installed. We are 0% of the way to what we need to be carbon neutral by 2050.MWs of targetGeneration Built

    Decarbonizing all dirty power cuts 44% of the pollution.

    And gives us zero-emissions power we need to eliminate pollution from buildings and cars!

    🏭 Other: 28%🔌 Power: 44%🚗 Transport: 24%🏠 Buildings: 4%

    Other Emissions

    🏭 Other: 28%🔌 Power: 44%🚗 Transport: 24%🏠 Buildings: 4%

    The last 28% of Kentucky's climate pollution comes from other sources...

    This includes farming, landfills, industry, and leaks from gas pipelines.

    There's no one solution to solve these problems, but there are lots of great ideas:

    • No-till farming to keep CO2 in the soil
    • Capturing methane leaks from landfills
    • Capturing CO2 to make emissions-free concrete
    • Burning green hydrogen to make emissions-free steel
    • Plugging methane leaks from gas pipelines

Ready to do your part?

Learn how to electrify your own machines and pass local policy to electrify the rest

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